Infrastructures to transport and store CO2  in depleted gas fields in the North Sea are important to reduce CO2 emissions within the near future, and therefore important in the context of the Dutch climate agreement and the European Green Deal.

Currently, many industrial companies and clusters will not be able to make use of depleted gas fields because they are not directly connected to a CO2 pipeline. Transporting liquefied CO2 by ship offers these companies an option to connect to this infrastructure. As a pressurized liquid, CO2 volumes shrink 550 times compared to CO2 under atmospheric conditions, making it easier and efficient to transport it by ship. This enables industrial companies and clusters, such as in Zeeland, Eemshaven and Limburg to avoid CO2 release in the atmosphere and contribute significantly to emission reduction targets.


To connect multiple emitters and storage operators into an open access system, facilitating transport of substantial volumes of CO2 in the near future, Gasunie and Vopak investigate the feasibility of building a terminal to receive and deliver liquid CO2 by ship. With the facility, located in the Port of Rotterdam, CO2next will be able to receive liquified CO2 by ship (and railcars in future) and deliver it to a pipeline leading to depleted gas fields in the North Sea. This provides all industrial companies the opportunity to transport captured CO2 for storage in depleted gas fields or to be utilized as a raw material.


Features of the terminal

Open access system

Necessary infrastructures available to all market parties, including parties that do not have a direct connection to a CO2 pipeline.

Independent liquid CO2 terminal

Independent hub terminal for the reception and delivery of liquid CO2 via vessels (or trucks and railcars), on the Maasvlakte in the Port of Rotterdam.

Part of the CO2 value chain

Part of develping a CO2 value chain which can connect liquid CO2 from emitters with offshore storage facilities.

Re-loading and transshipment of CO2

Functionality for additional services envisaged such as re-loading and transshipment of CO2.

Catalyst for the reuse of CO2

Important catalyst in the creation of a market for the reuse of CO2 as a raw material.

Dutch and European subsidy applicable

Dutch and European subsidy schemes accessible to support CCS projects to achieve the climate goals.

Infrastructure operator

Will focus solely on the development and operation of a reliable, safe and environmentally friendly infrastructure and will not be a market player itself.

Connects emitters and storagers

Will connect multiple emitters and storage operators into an open access system, enabling emitters to contribute to CO2 reduction targets.