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CO2nnect Vopak Vlissingen

Final Memorandum on Scope and Level of Detail for CO2next and Aramis

The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy has determined and published the Memorandum on Scope and Level of Detail (NRD) on December 2, 2022. This memorandum contains the framework for the environmental impact assessment (EIA) to be drawn up for CO2next and Aramis. The EIA maps out the environmental effects of the project, such as the effects on safety, landscape, nature, soil and water. The aim of the EIA is to make sure that environmental issues are given a rightful place in the decision-making process.

CO2next intends to realise a terminal for landing, storing and transshipping of liquid CO2 in the Aramis initiative. Therefore CO2next and Aramis take a joint approach in the permitting procedures, which are coordinated by the Ministry of EZK as this falls under the Rijks Coordinatie Regeling (RCR).

The draft of the NRD has been available for inspection from June 10 to July 21, 2022 and anyone could submit views. CO2next and Aramis organized an information session and public consultation, on June 21 2022. Ultimately, eight views were submitted which were answered in the Memorandum of Reply annexed to the NRD.

The public participation procedure has led to two adjustments compared to the draft NRD. Neptune Energy’s view has led to Neptune Energy being included in the EIA as a third storage party equivalent to the other storage parties Shell and TotalEnergies. Also, the route of the sea line has been further optimized, which has led to three alternatives and two variants that are assessed in the EIA.

What happens next? 
The next step is to draft the EIA. Various environmental studies for the different alternatives will be carried out. In a memorandum integral impact analysis (IEA) the effects of the various alternatives with regard to the themes of environmental impact, costs, spatial integration, technology and future-proofing are mapped out. Based on this, the Minister of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy and in coordination with the Ministry of Home Affairs chooses a preferred alternative (VKA). In the EIA, the VKA is further elaborated and investigated in more detail for environmental effects.

You can read the Memorandum on Scope and Level of Detail (NRD) here:

Advice of the Environmental Impact Report Committee (commissie m.e.r)

On 18 August 2022, the EIA Committee published its advice on the environmental impact report yet to be drawn up. The EIA Committee stated that all the consequences of capture and storage must be examined. This means that the initiators of the Aramis project for CO₂ transport must map out the environmental effects of the entire chain. Read the full advice on the EIA website.


Gasunie, Vopak and Gate terminal: dedicated to develop independent open access liquid CO2 terminal in the Netherlands


Features of the terminal

Open access system

Necessary infrastructures available to all market parties, including parties that do not have a direct connection to a CO2 pipeline.

Independent liquid CO2 terminal

Independent hub terminal for the reception and delivery of liquid CO2 via vessels (or trucks and railcars), on the Maasvlakte in the Port of Rotterdam.

Part of the CO2 value chain

Part of develping a CO2 value chain which can connect liquid CO2 from emitters with offshore storage facilities.

Re-loading and transshipment of CO2

Functionality for additional services envisaged such as re-loading and transshipment of CO2.

Catalyst for the reuse of CO2

Important catalyst in the creation of a market for the reuse of CO2 as a raw material.

Dutch and European subsidy applicable

Dutch and European subsidy schemes accessible to support CCS projects to achieve the climate goals.

Infrastructure operator

Will focus solely on the development and operation of a reliable, safe and environmentally friendly infrastructure and will not be a market player itself.

Connects emitters and storagers

Will connect multiple emitters and storage operators into an open access system, enabling emitters to contribute to CO2 reduction targets.